A crucible is a vessel used in metal working. There are many different types of crucibles, but one of the most common is a cementation crucible. The cementation process is a new method of metalworking that involves heating a mixture of metals to a very high temperature.
Characters in the play
The Crucible is a fictional play by Arthur Miller based on the witch trials in Salem, Massachusetts in 1692. A community of Puritans is overtaken by a fear of witchcraft and a hysteria surrounding its purported supernatural powers. Many people accuse others of being witches and this leads to dozens of executions.
Miller uses the play to illustrate three types of judgement: legal, spiritual, and self-judgement. He also shows that societal challenges help to distinguish between good and evil. Several of the characters in the play confess to crimes they didn’t commit.
The play is written during McCarthyism in the late 1940s, which was a time of widespread fear of Communist influence in American society. Despite the fact that these accusations were without substantial evidence, the government used them to try and control the spread of Communism.
One of the most important ideas in the play is the concept of honour. It is a theme that is present throughout the play and is particularly evident in the way Elizabeth Proctor behaves toward her husband John. In the play, Elizabeth is jealous of Abigail Williams, a woman who is a frequent visitor to the Proctor household.
The play uses the concept of honour to great effect. During the course of the play, Elizabeth Proctor’s husband John is jailed for his alleged role in a murder. As the play continues, Proctor starts to think of himself as a sinner against his own “version of moral conduct”.
In the play, a large number of residents in Salem claim to be witches. This rumour is then pushed through the community by Abigail and several girls, leading to the mass incarceration of a number of innocents. Several characters are involved in the legal system and they add fuel to the fire of the accusations.
The play is also a study in the power of the words of mouth. Several of the characters are quick to make up lies to keep their reputations intact. Another example of this is Sarah Good’s maniacal behavior while in jail.
The play also makes use of the scientific and mathematical concepts of measurement. For instance, Miller’s depiction of the world’s largest eyeball is not only a visual display, but a metaphor for a larger concept.
The play’s title is a reference to the “crowd-pleaser” of the play. It is a four-act play with a number of characters. Some of these characters are in the courtroom, but many are offstage. They include Elizabeth Proctor, John Proctor, John Danforth, and Reverend Hale. Each of these characters has their own special abilities, as well as their own set of shortcomings.
Although the play is based on a period in the past, its themes are relevant to the modern day. Whether it is a witch hunt in modern times, or the persecution of left-wing politics in the 1940s, every work of literature reflects the social and political context in which it was written.
Cementation crucibles are a new process of metalworking
A crucible is a container that allows substances to be melted. Metals can be melted to their melting points to create new alloys. The crucibles used in metalworking are made of materials that can withstand extremely high temperatures. Traditionally, crucibles are made of ceramic materials. However, there are also silicon-carbide crucibles.
Crucibles are a very useful tool for melting metals. They have been used in ancient history to melt metals such as brass. This process is done by heating the metals to their melting point, which is a relatively high temperature. After the metals are melted, they can be poured out of the crucible with tongs. During the smelting process, the metals go through a chemical reaction that results in the formation of a variety of zinc compounds.
Some of the earliest known crucibles are dated back to 6000 B.C. in Iran and Eastern Europe. Later, crucibles were manufactured by the Romans. These crucibles have caps and lids. Throughout the medieval era, crucibles were also made. By the end of the Middle Ages, the crucibles had been made in more mass production. During the Post-Medieval era, new designs began to emerge. During the early years of the crucible, platinum was used. Today, crucibles are made of different materials, including clay, graphite, and steel. While the crucible can be used for a variety of metalworking activities, the most common use is in casting and smelting.
During the 19th century, graphitic crucibles were introduced into Britain. By the early 20th century, crucibles made with graphite were being produced in Cornwall. Although these crucibles are not chemically reactive, they are very resistant to high temperatures. Graphite is often mixed with a clay matrix to make a ceramic crucible.
As metalworking progressed, the crucibles became increasingly limited in their design. The earliest crucibles had a diameter of 0.2 metres at the mouth and were about 0.4 metres high. During the late Middle Ages, smelting crucibles were manufactured by a few specialists.
Angerstein’s crucibles are one example of this type of vessel. Their dimensions are 0.2 metres high, 0.3 metres long and 0.3 metres wide at the mouth. Another example of this type of crucible is a rare fragment that was found in the Ladoga region. It is a pot-shaped crucible with a very large volume. This crucible was excavated at the Tiversk hillfort. It may be linked to local technical ceramics.
In the case of the crucibles from James Fort, a site in Northern Virginia, they were studied with an energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometer. Several melted copper masses were found that contained similar amounts of arsenic and silver lead. Interestingly, these melted copper masses appear to be a mix of English scrap copper and foreign ore. Perhaps the crucibles were filled with minerals from the Virginia ores.
References to the play in popular culture
In his 1953 play, The Crucible, Arthur Miller reimagined the Salem witch trials of 1692 for contemporary audiences. He used the play to illustrate the allegory of McCarthyism and its effect on the town of Salem. Aside from capturing the apocalyptic themes of the moment, the play also demonstrates the importance of forgiveness through self-judgment.
While it may not be the best-known of all Miller’s plays, The Crucible is one of his most successful. It won the Tony Award for Best Play in 1957. Originally titled Les Sorcieres de Salem, the play was later adapted into film. Although based on historical events, the play is not a true account of the actual trials. However, it does provide a glimpse into the lives of those whose actions were deemed evil.
The play contains numerous references to the crucible. First, it presents the judicial list that is eventually referred to as the “Crucible.” Second, it shows 72 death warrants for innocents. Third, it depicts the infamous crucible, a ceramic vessel designed to melt substances. This vessel can be used to highlight the fact that the persecutions in Salem are based on lies.
The crucible is a device that is frequently mentioned by Miller. It is a symbol of the Salem witch hunts and the merciless nature of the persecutions. The crucible symbolizes the dogged determination of the town’s reverends and authorities to arrest and convict those suspected of being witches. During the Witch Trials, the reverends in Salem had the most power.
The crucible is also used to show the dangers of mass hysteria. There is a large number of false accusations and convictions that lead to dozens of executions. As a result of the hysteria, many civilians tried to escape charges by accusing innocent individuals of treason.
Other notable references in the play include the poppet, a piece of paper, which is a symbol of pretense. Paper is also the symbolic source of truth and morality. Throughout the play, Miller uses the crucible to demonstrate the effects of hysteria on the community.
While the crucible is used as a metaphor for the judicial system, it is also a literal representation of the metal container that was allegedly used to destroy witches. As a result, the crucible is the logical symbol to use in a play about the Salem trials.
The play has been adapted into film several times. One such version was the Bell Book and Candle, starring Kim Novak and James Stewart. Another was Three Sovereigns for Sarah, starring Vanessa Redgrave. Many more adaptations have been made in other countries.
In addition to allusions to the crucible, Miller makes use of several other symbolic devices. One of these is the poppet, which is a device that represents the loss of innocence.